To a casual observer, it might appear that time management has fallen to the wayside at many workplaces today: employees work well beyond their scheduled hours, including while on lunch breaks, during leisure time and social events and even on vacation. But with proper scheduling, time management should prevent work from expanding beyond regular work hours—as was the case before the Internet age. Instead, in the "knowledge economy", where the smart phone rules, scheduled work hours have become nearly meaningless.
In the vast majority of cases, there is absolutely no reason for an employer not to provide a positive letter of reference for a dismissed employee. As discussed below, this conclusion is based upon two general points: 1) There is little or no risk in providing an honest, good faith reference; 2) Organizations can benefit financially if a dismissed employee finds new employment quickly.