Criminal record checks are just one type of background check. Other background checks can include checks on identity, educational and professional qualifications, employment history, credit history, lawful entitlement to work in Canada and social media presence.
Employers have the legal duty to investigate anytime there is a complaint of harassment, discrimination or other potential legal violation is received. The legal requirement for workplace investigations is specified under Bill 132.
In 2017, the Parliament of Canada (Parliament) passed the Genetic Non-Discrimination Act which established various prohibitions on genetic testing related to diseases.