In the fall of 2018, the Federal Government introduced Bill C-86, the Budget Implementation Act, 2018 ("Bill"). This Bill, which primarily implements the 2018 federal budget plans, introduced a large variety of legislative changes to a number of laws. Included amongst the proposed changes is the modernization of labour standards in the Canada Labour Code and the introduction of the Pay Equity Act.
Before the Ontario legislature closed for business pending the outcome of the June 7 election, Ontario enacted Bill 3, which imposes new obligations on employers relating to the hiring process and the reporting of workplace compensation. Bill 3 presents new risks but also opportunities for all employers in the province.
Despite the dramatic increase of women in the workforce and the existence of pay equity legislation, gender wage inequality remains a persistent problem in Canada. As part of an ongoing study on gender disparity for the Globe and Mail, Statistics Canada reported in March 2016 that a woman working full-time makes 73.5 cents for every dollar a man makes. The article also notes that Canada has the eighth highest gender wage gap among 34 industrial countries according to the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development.